Turban Group Hardneck – Weakly Bolting

This garlic was named by Patrice Newell of Elmswood Farm, New South Wales. It is similar to Monaro Purple. There are many cultivars in the Turban Group. In Australia there are perhaps  10 or more different Turban cultivars confusingly grown under many different names. Some Turban cultivars have been misnamed or perhaps misidentified as Rocambole or Purple Stripe.

General Information

Other Names None known
International Names None known
Flavour Hot pleasant flavour and aroma, that turns sweet later when sauteed or roasted.
Storage Short to medium, 4-5 months.
Growing location Does well in most regions of Australia, NSW to Tasmania, SA and Southern WA. Prefers mild to warm climates.
Growing requirements As with most Turbans this cultivar likes cool winters and hot summers and will tolerate some humidity. It goes from being almost ready to harvest to past the best time in only a few days, especially in warmer more humid regions, so harvest quickly to avoid split bulb skins. Don't let plants become water deficient as this will cause plants to fall over.
Planting and harvest Early planting and early harvest.


  • Strongly striped
Medium to large flattened round bulb with a flat base. 5-7 cm. Some are more oval.
Skin colour and texture
  • Green garlic
Bright red with deeper red striping straight after harvest, cures to mostly pale mauve with strong purple stripes and blotches. Cured skins are medium thick, smooth to coarse that cover the bulbs well. But they can be quite fragile and will break and flake easily, so are easily cracked and peeled.


Number and layout
  • Broken bulb of garlic.
In mild and warm climates 9 - 11 large cloves with typically 5 to 6 cloves in 2/3rd circle around center and another 2 cloves on the outside, inside a second leaf (skin) which also has 2 to 3 cloves on the inside middle. The cloves sit out from the central scape when fat. In cooler climates there may only be 8 – 10 cloves in a single layer around the centre.
Size and shape
Plump and blunt tipped the cloves have an angled but rounded inner edge, two flat sides and are about 2.5 cm tall x 1.5-2 cm wide and typically weigh about 6 grams. Outer cloves are similar in shape and size, inner cloves smaller.
Skin colour and texture
Colour varies with the season and from cool to warm climates. It can be purple on tan with traces of striping; pink and cream with some pink striping, or light tan/white with a purple/tan/rose blush around bottoms and at other times mainly tan. Often on the outside face there are light tan lines running the length of the clove. Fine to medium thick and whilst adhering tightly to the cloves they peel easily. Range from matt to somewhat shiny.


Size and shape
  • Garlic plants
Glamour are typical Turban plants although often more slender, smaller and floppier than some. In mild to warm climates the plants are normally strong, but not overly substantial to 45 - 50cm before the scape. In cool climates the plants can be stronger and taller.
Leaves Medium green, with medium spaces up the pseudostem. Medium width, long and floppy, many fold half way along the leaf.
Often 10-12.
Young plants Grow quickly. Often strong and well advanced compared to other groups at 12 weeks. Tall pseudostem with leaves well-spaced and lower leaves horizontal.
Matures Plants reach maturity soon after the scape appears. They mature very fast with rapid bulb development just before harvest. Must harvest as soon as the bulbs are large enough to avoid badly split skins and also side shooting. In mild to warm climates the plants weaken near maturity and in some seasons they can lean or fall over. In cool climates the plants tend to remain strong
Scape Floppy to stronger scape depending on climate, forms an upsidedown U. In cool climates usually 100% bolt, in warmer climates in some seasons may get 100% bolt but typically some will bolt, some will send out a weak scape which does not develop and some will not send out a scape. A properly formed scape will typically be slender doing up to a 180 degree loop before straightening. Often the scapes do not bother with the loop instead staying straight or just hanging out there. The beak is long 21 to 23cm. The umbel area starts out with a rose blush but becomes whitish as it develops and is short compared to others. Umbel about the size of $2 coin or bigger and turban shaped. Scapes are normally hollow and tend to fall out of the bulbs as they dry after harvest.

Umbel and beak
Umbel forms a small turban with a long beak.
Bulbils and flowers
  • Bulbils
Bulbils numbers can vary depending on the season and on the strength of the scape but typically about 25 to 50 bulbils. Various sizes 1 – 3x rice. Various shapes but typically squat and roundish widest mid-bottom, with rounded ends and pointed tips. Various colours dark purple/maroon, light purples, pink and white. No flowers.