Italian White

Artichoke Group Softneck – Non-bolting

Several different Italian Whites are grown by commercial growers in Australia. Most are mid-season (apart from Italian Late) and range in size from 4.5 to 7cm and have between 10 and 22 creamy to white cloves. Some with purple tips.

General Information

Other Names None known
International Names Italian White
Flavour Mild, simple, vegetative.
Storage Mid to long storage, up to 8 months.
Growing location Mainly grown in northern SA and Victoria, all of NSW. But also southern Victoria, Tasmania and WA.
Growing requirements Cold temperate climate, cold winters, warm spring, hot dry summer. But more tolerant than some Artichokes of wet and cold in spring and summer. Adaptable.
Planting and harvest Plant mid season (late March to early May), harvest mid season (November to early December)


  • garlic
Flat to teardrop shaped, 4.5 to 7 cm with a usually flat base.
Skin colour and texture
  • Freshly harvested garlic
  • garlic
White skin, often with purple blotching or striping especially in cooler climates.


Number and layout
  • Italian White garlic
Usually 10-22 in two to three layers.
Size and shape
  • White garlic
Outer cloves are large, flat and inwardly curving, inner cloves smaller, taller and more slender
Skin colour and texture
Creamy or tan to white cloves sometimes with purple tips. Thin skins that can be hard to peel.


Size and shape
  • Garlic plant
Strong, wide and spreading. Often stronger and wider in colder climates.
Leaves Broad, pale green to yellow green leaves at 45° to pseudostem. Fold in middle.
Young plants Germinates readily, plants grow quickly and resemble adult plants.
Matures Plants mature at a steady rate without any rapid development at particular times. Plants are not tall but are solid and strong.
Scape Usually no scape
Umbel and beak None
Bulbils and flowers Very occasionally plants will grow 2 or 3 bulbils in the pseudostem, especially in colder climate or after other stresses like heavy rainfall.