Artichoke garlics are one of the most commonly grown and best known groups. Many big commercial growers only grow Artichoke garlics because of their wide adaptation and ease of growth. Softneck or non-bolting garlics are easier to handle, harvest and clean because they don’t usually form scapes. In the USA Artichoke cultivars California Early and Late represent a large proportion of the big commercial crops.
Some of our cultivars such as Australian White and Cream (D&S) were developed from Californian cultivars. Many of the cultivars imported by the AGIA in 1994 were Artichoke cultivars because these represented the best chance of being commercially successful.
Cultivars that we have put into the Artichoke Type2 Group are Glenlarge, Italian Pink, Italian Red and Southern Glen. They probably originated from garlic grown in Australia from the 1970s to the early 1990s that was known as Formosan (the old name for Taiwan) and later referred to as Taiwanese and Taiwanese Purple. DNA testing in 1996 by K. F. Bradley et al lends credence to the Taiwanese Purple origin. The characteristics of the bulbs of these cultivars fit them neatly into the Artichoke Group, but but some of their other characteristics suggest that they might be more suitably placed in the Creole or Silverskin Groups. Or they might need a Group of their own. For now we are calling them Artichoke Group Type2.
|Flavour||Workhorse of Australian garlic with simple, direct, vegetative flavours, mild to hot. The best are more complex with longer lasting developing flavours.
Roasted: Mild, sweet, earthy flavour, holds well.
Sautéed: When sautéed until crisp has delicious mild garlic flavour.
|Storage||Medium to long, 6-8 months. Most plait well because there is no scape. But those that form bulbils in the pseudostem cannot usually be plaited.|
|Growing location||Grows from southern Queensland to Tasmania on the east coast. And South Australia and Western Australia. Type 2 cultivars like Southern Glen, Glenlarge, Italian Pink and Italian Red are day-length neutral and do really well in Northern NSW, Southern Queensland and mid Western Australia.|
|Growing requirements||Widely adapted to a number of climates but does best in regions with hot, dry summers and low humidity. Type 2 does well in more humid regions.|
|Planting and harvest||Early to mid-season. Type 2 early.|
Type 2 usually teardrop shaped.
|Skin colour and texture|
|Number and layout||clove layers, usually 3. 12-20 cloves.|
|Size and shape|
|Skin colour and texture|
|Size and shape||
Type 2 taller, narrow, floppy with thin pseudostem. May fall over when mature.
Type 2 more narrow and bright green.
Type 2 slender fast growing and upright.
Early to mid-season.
Type 2 early, sometime bending over near maturity
|Scape||Not usually present.|
|Umbel and beak||Not usually present.|
|Bulbils and flowers||
bulbils in the pseudostem especially when stressed by cold or drought. Medium bulbils about 60mm, with red to purple skins. Planted bulbils will grow into small bulbs or medium rounds in the first year.